This project is an action research project. It searches for an alternative approach to development for the CHT region. It intends to see a self-managed, self-reliant and self governed development process takes place at grassroots (village) level for learning and replication. Here, Participatory Action Research (PAR) and Participatory Strategic Planning (PSP) methods are being used as a means to achieve that process.
The alternative approach is named as ‘adivasi development’. Here, the word ‘adivasi’ is used to mean more in terms of values rather of physical or biological adivasi.
|Muralya Daru Tarum Inaugurated by Saheen Anam, Executive Director, Manusher Jonno Foundation||Speech Giving by Saheen Anam, Executive Director, Manusher Jonno Foundation||Speech Giving by Usaton Talukder, Honorable Member of CHT Regional Council|
|View of Guest||CIPD Cultural Team Performing||Workshop with Traditional Healer (Boddyo)|
|A view of Alovera Garden||Meeting with Traditional Healer (Boddyo)||Training Certificate Distribution Ceremony|
|Manusher Jonno Foundation Visiting Muralya Daru Tarum||Social Welfare Deputy Director Visiting Murulya Daru Tarum|
|Researcher and Anthropologist Prashanta Tripura visiting Murulya Daru Tarum|
The Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) is situated at the south-eastern corner of Bangladesh. Formerly an undivided district, the CHT now comprises three hill districts namely Bandarban (the southern part of CHT), Khagrachari (the northern part of CHT), and Rangamati (the central part of CHT). About one-tenth of the total land surface area of Bangladesh, the CHT covers an area of 5,089 sq. miles (13, 295 sq. kilometers). It is primarily a land of hills and uplands with a distinct pattern of natural vegetation. It is believed that the CHT possesses a vast reserve of natural resources.
Unlike most of the rest of Bangladesh, the CHT is the home of Indigenous Population (IP), namely Chakma, Marma, Tripura, Murung/Mro, Tanchangya, Khyang, Bowm, Pankho, Khumi, Lusai, Chak etc. These minority groups of Indigenous People have their own culture and tradition quite different from the ones of the Bengalis, who also live in the CHT.
The hilly and mountainous region of CHT was once rich by plenty species of flora and fauna. The IPs of this region has been using herbal plants as curative and preventive medicines to negotiate many diseases for centuries. Once the IPs were completely dependent on these naturally grown plants within the habitats as a result they have developed their own traditional pharmacopoeia or Boidya Shastra composed of many formula known as Talliks by Chakmas. This traditional treatment system is an inseparable part of cultural and traditional life.
The construction of Kaptai Hydro-electric project in 1960 caused serious destruction not only to the traditional and economic life of the CHT indigenous people, it also destroyed unknown number of species of plants of an area covering more than 254 sq. miles. This destruction still continues because of tremendous pressure on land, upland development interventions and massive destruction of forests. In recent years the commercial collection of some medicinal plants and fruits through middlemen have remarkably increased. There is also a great demand of skins of some species of medicinal trees and thus trees are exposed to light which leads to their total destruction. This way the CHT natural herbarium is rapidly leading towards the final vanish. Notable that some thirty years back the University of Chittagong was to open its department of Ethnic Botany targeting the CHt, the natural herbanium as its rear area for research. But it not heard that any research work or survey was undertaken by any quarter on the total species of medical plants or extent of destruction on these plants. In this scenario it is very important to undertake a dynamic initiative for conservation of traditional medicinal plants, protection and development of traditional way of treatment; including establishment of intellectual property rights over the herbal plants and Talliks and also patent rights on herbal medicines.
It is notable that the Boidyas are acquainted with many uncommon medicinal plants used to treat uncommon diseases. This indigenous knowledge is practiced and nurtured by Boidyas who belong to downtrodden and vulnerable sections of the society. This knowledge is also transferred generally from master to a trusted disciple or a family member who can even be a female. Except parentalapplication other methods like pill and liquid, topical application of ointment and paste, steam bath, steam inhalation and fomentation methods are used for treating many diseases. Jaundice, bone fracture, tumor, arthritis and etc. are successfully treated apart from common day to day diseases and even SSLE and cancer cases are also treated with miracle results as claimed by the Boidyas and patients. Innumerable species of herbal plants are used for this traditional or indigenous way of treatment.
Now a good number of hill people live in towns and cities who are dependent on modern allopathic medicines. They take the help of traditional treatment when medical doctors fail or when the cost of treatment is beyond their reach or when it cannot give a permanent solution. But in rural areas though influence of modern medicines is seen, still herbal medicines are used. In case of the remote and inaccessible areas people are mostly dependent on herbal medicines. It can be said that because of scarcity of medicinal plants, unavailability of processed herbal medicines like the allopathic one (the way these are presented and easy to take or use) and tremendous influence of modern medical science the people are gradually opting for modern allopathic medicines.
Since most of the Boidyas are not perfect professional and there is no state sponsorship or patronization from any relevant quarters hence, gradually the disciples of Boidyas or their children who belong to new generation are losing their interest on this invaluable traditional way of treatment. Tallik is the traditional medical formula developed from hundred years of observation and practice by which any kind of serious disease can be cured using herbal medicinal plants. But it is a matter of regret that this invaluable traditional treatment system is now on the way to extinction due to scarce of herbal medicinal plants and negligence of modern society. Besides, this traditional treatment system is now on the way to extinction due to scarce of herbal medicinal plants and negligence of modern society. This could be more meaningful and effective preserving the herbal medicinal plants and developing the traditional treatment system. Muralya Daru Tarum is established in a plot of 12 acres at Mogban, Rangamati Sadar Upazilla 1n 2012.
Objectives of Herbal Garden:
The immediate objectives of the project are:
1. Preservation of Herbal Medicinal Plants together with conservation of ecological balance of natural environment;
2. To establish an herbal garden as a tourist spot for development of eco-tourism in Rangamati.
3. To increase and ensure the supply of herbs for production of herbal medicine and to Boidyas for their traditional treatment;
4. Development of Traditional Treatment System of IPs;
5. To establish property and patent right on Herbs Medicine of IPs in CHT.
6. Research and Improvement of traditional herbal treatment of Boidyas focusing on problems and issues;
7. Production and supply of herbage;
The following activities shall be undertaken in the implementation of the project:
1. Plantation of herbs
2. Motivation of people:
3. Formation of Boidyas groups
4. List up of CHT herbs plants
5. Publication of Traditional Pharmacopoeia or Tallik books
6. Training on herbs identification
8. Production and sale of herbs
Titile: People's Empowerment for Accessing Rights to Livelihoods (PEARL)
Duration: August 2013- July 2016
Name of the sub-partners (if applicable) Himmawanti
Total cost of the Project: 1,62,93,507 (BDT)
2. Goal: Improved livelihood and human dignity of marginalized/disadvantaged/poorest community of Rangamati Hill District through increased life skills for preservation of cultural heritage.
i. To increase average household income through providing supports for IGA and ensure food securities for the poorest populations.
ii. Mobilization to access social justice in human rights violation
iii. Practical application of traditional knowledge and preservation of traditional items to ensure
Development Assistant: Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation (PKSF)
At present micro-credit program has been spread throughout CHT and mainly run by giant national NGOs. In CHT till now, credit activities are normally delivered in the Upazila Headquarter, Market areas, densely populated areas and along the highway sides. Many national NGOs have been operating simultaneously in these points or places. As a results of it there has been overlapping seriously. Moreover, it is assumed that national micro-credit model which is designed for plain areas of Bangladesh does not applicable/suitale in diverge socio-economic context of CHT. In 2004, CIPD initiated formulate a micro-credit module applicable to specific socio-economic context of CHT. It is notable that the remote and sparsely populated rural people of CHT are normally deprived from getting credit facilities. In fact, till today local NGOs could not contribute comprehensively in micro-credit program in CHT due to lack of capacity and experience.
রাঙ্গামাটি জেলার নানিয়াচরে উপজেলার বগাছড়ি গ্রামে অগ্নিকান্ডে ক্ষতিগ্রস্থদের সিআইপিডি’র পক্ষ থেকে ত্রাণ সহায়তা প্রদান করেছেন গত ২৩ ডিসেম্বর ২০১৪ ইং রোজ সোমবার।